Calculate utility costs - You will have to reckon with these operating costs

Calculate utility costs - You will have to reckon with these operating costs

Monthly renters transfer the agreed rent to their landlord. But that is not enough, because additional costs have to be paid. These include, for example, the heating costs and the costs of water and hot water. Even those who have bought a property must continue to pay its operating costs monthly. How high the additional costs are, the tenant learns in the utility bill. If you move into an apartment or a house and such a billing is not yet available for you, you should have the bills from the previous tenant or previous owner show. This is the best way to get an impression of the upcoming issues. In addition, the operating cost mirror from the German Tenant Protection Association is helpful because it indicates the average additional costs in Germany. In addition, he offers a good comparison of the regional differences. The following guide will tell you what operating costs are, how they will be calculated and how you can save on ancillary costs in 2017.

What is the additional cost?

The landlord must comply with laws when calculating utility charges hold. The basis for the calculation is the Operating Cost Ordinance (BetrKV). It states that the operating costs are all current expenses of a building, land or ancillary building. These include:

  • Heating costs
  • Water and wastewater costs
  • Waste collection
  • Chimney and street cleaning
  • Building cleaning
  • Janitor
  • Elevator
  • Garden maintenance

Structural measures

The lessor may therefore not allocate the costs of such construction measures as ancillary costs to the tenant.

The operating cost index is a good one Clue

The additional costs vary depending on the state and city. For this reason, the German Tenant Association publishes every year the operating cost level, with which tenants can get a better impression of the additional costs. The current figures come from the billing year 2014, for which the ancillary costs from all over Germany were used. According to the operating cost index, tenants pay an average of 2.17 euros per month in monthly additional costs.

If all possible operating costs are summed up with the corresponding individual amounts, the so-called & quot; second rent & quot; maximum € 3.18 per square meter per month. This means that for a flat measuring 80 square meters, a total of € 3,052.80 will have to be added to the incidental costs in the 2014 accounting year.

What information must be included in the utility bill?

A correct service charge bill must always include the following information include:

  • Billing period - usually twelve months
  • Total costs after deduction of all prepayments already made
  • Start and end meter readings
  • Distribution keys agreed in the rental agreement

The central heating system is an exception. Here, the landlord calculates between 50 and 70 percent according to consumption, so that it does not come to injustice at the individual tenants.

The remaining share of the energy costs is claimed independently of consumption and calculated, for example per square meter.

Service charges at a glance

Below we have listed all ancillary costs at a glance. The indicated average prices are from the German Tenants' Association for the accounting year 2014 and refer to the monthly costs per square meter.

Heating costs: 1.10 Euro

The heating costs mainly include the fuel costs for oil, district heating or gas. But also the operating current and the heating maintenance are included.

Hot water: 0,29 Euro

In general, the costs for the central hot water supply are billed as consumption-dependent as the heating costs. Therefore, the same rules apply here as in the case of heating bills.

Water and wastewater: 0.34 Euro

In addition to the actual water fee, this also includes the costs for the water meter and the regular calibration costs. But also the costs, which arise for the calculation and distribution, are included here. Some of the water costs also include the fee for a water heap or water treatment plant. Waste water costs include city sewerage fees, surface drainage and the cost required by the municipality.

Land Tax: 0.19 Euro

"Land Tax" is the name for all current public charges on the property. "

Caretaker: 0.21 Euro

This item includes all the work of a caretaker, such as the care of outdoor facilities, house and staircase cleaning and scattering, and monitoring

Garbage disposal: 0.17 Euro

This refers to the costs of collecting garbage. Under certain circumstances, running costs for garbage chutes or other waste disposal systems may also be included.

Elevator: 0,16 Euro

This item calculates the costs of operating, operating, supervising and maintaining the lift system.

Cleaning of buildings: 0,16 Euro

Building cleaning refers to the costs of cleaning all parts of the building that can be used by all residents, such as floor spaces, cellars, corridors and laundry rooms.

Property and casualty insurance: 0.17 Euro

This item includes, for example, the cost of insurance against storm, water and fire damage, earthquakes or floods.

Community antenna or cable TV: 0.13 Euro

This includes the operating costs of the antenna system and partly also the costs for the regular check of these.

Garden maintenance: 0,10 Euro

The fees for gardening outside

General electricity: 0.05 Euro

This includes, for example, the electricity costs for the lighting of the outdoor areas and the staircase.

Street cleaning: 0.04 Euro

These are the fees that the community charges for cleaning the footpaths and roads.

Chimney Cleaning: 0.03 Euro

This item will pay for the emission measurements and the chimney sweep.

Other Costs: 0.04 Euro

These are all other ancillary costs that are agreed as such in the rental agreement.

Save money on ancillary costs - what's worthwhile?

If you find that you are responsible for comparing costs with the operating cost index If you pay more than the average extra, you should try to be more economical with electricity, heating and water.

Many modern dishwashers, electric cookers, washing machines and refrigerators consume less water and electricity than old appliances, so the new purchase is often worthwhile.

The highest proportion of ancillary costs Heating costs. They charge 1.10 euros per square meter per month. If your family is significantly above this value, you should urgently save heating energy.

  • Electric Radiator Thermostats
  • Correct Ventilation
  • Roller Shutters Down at Night

These measures can save three-digit annual savings for a four-person family living in a 120-square-meter home. But the water consumption drives the utility bill often in the air. If this applies to you, you should take a shower rather than a bath, install faucets for shower faucets, shower head and toilet flush, and only let the washing machine and dishwasher run when they are fully loaded. By consistently saving it is often possible to halve the water consumption.


The additional costs include, but are not limited to, heating, water, sewage, garbage collection, chimney, street and building cleaning, elevator, garden maintenance and caretaker. To get an overview of the average additional costs in Germany, the current Mietzostenspiegel from the German Tenant Protection Association is a valuable help. The utility bill must contain not only a summary of the total costs, but also the billing period.

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