Pleasant Warmth - Stove for the Cold Season
In the fall and winter we long for more warmth and comfort. An open fireplace or tiled stove to gather around and watch the game of fire fascinate people since prehistoric times. If a fire is burning in the fireplace, you immediately get the desire to settle here immediately and come to rest. That is why an open fireplace is integrated into the planning of the new building. For the owners of older houses, it is possible to install a fireplace later. If you are adept in craftsmanship, you can take the construction work in your own hands.
Which fireplace fits you?
A fireplace is a sought-after and aesthetic object in every living room. Not only do they look different, their functions and uses are also wide. With the fireplace in the living room you keep your apartment warm, heat the water, generate heat for the entire house or just admire the blazing fire. Although the last option is romantic, it does not reflect the current state of environmental awareness (PDF) and is no longer politically correct. For occasional firing allowed, from 2004, however, each fireplace needs a door and filters against fine dust. Each chimney moves within the permitted emission levels according to regulations. Depending on what you plan to do with your fireplace, the following models are available:
- Glass Fireplace : The more you see of the fire, the more comfortable the atmosphere in the living room. The best effect is achieved with a fireplace glazed from three sides. The effect is amazing - you think you have a bonfire in the living room. If the windows have no visible handles, the effect of the fire is still authentic . Opt for viewing windows to move up or to the side.
- Hanging Fireplace : Originating from Scandinavian countries, in the meantime increasingly seen in this country. The advantages for this solution are clear: the risk of burns for children and pets is almost zero, the space is arbitrary, can be hung anywhere, even centrally in the living room. With this option, you also spare your back - when firing, stoking and cleaning work you do not need to bend over.
- The Danish fireplace : Larger window, modern technology, self-closing door and a combustion chamber - the classic stove has evolved , The kiln in this construction is not fixed, can easily be taken with a move. From the Danish ovens you have numerous options to choose from: fireplaces for turning, with an additional heating plate , prepared for heating with pellets, gas or wood. When using it, caution should be taken, pay attention to the good heat regulation, overheating is in extreme cases not excluded.
- Heating systems with stove : In modern homes, the fireplaces are not only there to provide more coziness in the four To bring walls. They have been used more demanding for some years and are heating the whole house. Depending on the piping, pipe and energy supply systems, there are a few solutions to choose from.
- The gas fireplace : A sophisticated solution. The fireplace is lit with gas, but outside it reminds more of a fireplace with a real fireplace. Cuddle factor : high. Behind the glass door, you can see a flaming sound as with conventional stoves. The ventilation heating system provides the whole house with heat. The benefits of gas fireplaces: clean air and chimney, virtually no particulate emissions. Efficiency: Very good, is at least 70 percent. Runs on natural as well as propane gas, a LPG cartridge up to eleven kilograms is allowed in any case.
- Pellet-fueled fireplaces : Ideal for energy-efficient or low-energy homes. The pellets are made of wood waste and have a higher efficiency compared to logs. The burning time lasts longer than when heating with the same amount of wood. If you want to heat the whole house with the pellet stove, connect it to the hot water supply. The installation is complex, the optics not as appealing as with other stoves - smaller windscreen. The advantage lies in the environmentally friendly and economical operation. To use it as a house heater, you need a hot water tank with 1,000 liters capacity. If you have a solar system on the roof to heat up the water during the summer, your heating system will be perfect. In the summer you can heat with the solar energy and in winter with the fireplace.
- Tiled stove : The classic among the stoves. Depending on the design, a tiled stove will last 12 to 24 hours and provide a cozy, comfortable room atmosphere. You can operate the tiled stove optionally with pellets, coal or wood. The window in the new tiled stoves spread the campfire atmosphere in the house. The radiant heat of the tiled stove is the same, the air layers do not mix up. A tiled stove burns its fuel completely, which makes it easy to see the efficiency.
Tips and instructions for proper firing
The stove ensures a comfortable and warm living environment in your house, but only then, if it is heated properly. The scent of the wood in the nose, crackling of the fire - a nice feeling when the aesthetics of the stove harmonize with the environment. If you do not heat the stove properly, it will quickly become a true environmental polluter. Therefore, you should pay attention to the selection of the wood in the first place. Proper storage is important for environmentally friendly heating . Not every wood is suitable as a fireplace fuel. Wet or freshly beaten wood is not useful for heating in the stove. Wood needs a certain amount of maturity before it finds its way into the oven. After two years of dry storage, you may burn the wood. If it is stored for a long time, its calorific value drops. If the wood is still too fresh, the water evaporates when burned, the temperature of the flames drops, particulate matter and carbon monoxide content increase and thereby the pollution. When preparing, pay attention to the size and length of the logs. They must not be too big or too long, do not overfill the oven. Never use the stove as a disposal point for old boards, furniture parts, fence posts or fruit crates. The colorants or preservatives that most of this wood contains turn into toxic pollutants when burned.
Take care of the type of wood and proper storage
Different types of wood have different burning properties. Note: Light wood produces less energy than a heavy one. The winner on the calorific value scale is the beech, which also lends itself well to open hearths. The ash and birch have similar calorific values as the beech. Caution should be exercised with the oak tree - it crackles strongly and likes to spray embers. For the open stove rather unsuitable. If you want to heat up quickly, spruce with a short heat-up time and high combustion temperature is the right choice. Buying is not just about the price. Cheap mixed wood offers often contain larger quantities of poor quality wood. The unit of measure when buying wood plays a big role. In the cubic cubic meters, the wood is carefully stacked and contains less free space than the bulk cubic meter. For comparison: 1.4 bulk space = one cubic meter.
Select suitable wood storage location
Do not store your firewood indoors. The mold or fungus formation is thereby preprogrammed. For the storage of wood ideal is an outdoor space, preferably provided with a roof. If the site is exposed to the wind (best western direction), the wood can dry perfectly and quickly. Make sure that there are sufficient gaps between the floor and the firewood and between the wall and the firewood, leaving a space of ten centimeters each. Otherwise, the moisture can not drain, rot and fungus are the consequences. Use a tarpaulin as a cover, pay attention to its air permeability . Do not stack your wood into a square. Arrange it to length, so it dries faster.
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