Ergonomics in the workplace - and performance increases immediately
Ergonomics at work is an important issue and signals that the maintenance and promotion of health in the office requires special conditions. In principle, applied ergonomics at the workplace means nothing more than health-promoting workstation design - and it is necessary.
There is no question that the workplace is always the target of those affected - especially when there is an increase in neck or back pain. The alleged culprit is then quickly identified: the computer. Sure, who from morning to evening almost exclusively squats in front of the PC, who should not be surprised in the evening, when then adjust more back pain: This one-sided posture while working in the office leads to a weakening of the muscles in the back, but also in the area Hull and the abdomen. As a result, these muscle groups are less and less able to adequately support their spine support function. In addition, lack of exercise anyway leads to a tendency to tension the back. Pain is not uncommon. An optimization of the working environment is therefore necessary.
For occupational scientist dr. Lars Adolph is also clear: "The main problem is that you do not move much in the office. & Ldquo; But that's not all - sitting posture and posture are also very important. Adolph points out: "Who sits straight up there and looks horizontally at the screen, especially strain his neck muscles." A tense neck then quickly causes problems. Who does not remember the so-called & quot; Dynamic sitting & ldquo; in the 1990s, when the gym ball came to a seat and established itself nationwide. The ergonomic chairs available on the market today are comparable in their effect.
Ergonomics in the workplace requires special office chairs that optimally take into account the needs of the spine. In question are chairs that give the back an effective & quot; support & quot; Offer. This includes the stable support of the lumbar spine. The upper back should be comfortable to lean on without restricting it. The seat and its height are also of particular importance for ergonomics in the workplace. It is important that the feet have contact with the ground - possibly a footrest can be used or the seat height can be modified: an angle of about 90 degrees should determine the relation of thigh and calf to each other. The seat should have a slight difference in height - slightly lower at the front than at the back. The backrest should be flexible and the armrests adjustable. The restoring force of the backrest is particularly important: it provides the back with effective support in every position and thus adapts to the movement of the upper body. Whoever sits in such a chair will not fall forwards or backwards. Of course, the chair should have castors, and these should be adapted to the particular floor covering: hard rolls in carpet (floors), soft roll in laminate. The ergonomic chair should have a good suspension anyway.
Move a lot
Of course, the advantages of ergonomic chairs are obvious: their numerous adjustment options in terms of seat height, position of the armrests and and and they ensure individual adaptation. This optimizes not only the posture, but in the consequence also the blood circulation. What can (still) effective remedy for back pain & Co.? The magic formula is obviously: movement, movement and again movement. This means getting up as often as possible and putting your feet up! This relaxes cramped muscles, and the metabolism gets going again - in the truest sense of the word.
So why - instead of e-mail - do not even give one or the other colleague a personal & ldquo; visit & ldquo; pay? That usually moves more anyway. And the lunch break can be well used for an inspiring walk - all the more so if you're quite flexible in terms of home office time. Anyone who does not always find the time or opportunity for such activities - far away from the actual workplace - should at least often vary their sitting position in between: the change from an upright posture slightly bent forward to a backward posture does the spine well , and the back relaxes. This also has a positive effect on concentration and performance. The change between sitting and standing - of course combined with sufficient movement - is another effective way to prevent typical office blinds.
Best: Sit properly and move a lot
No doubt about it: A good ergonomically shaped chair restricts you One hardly ever enters the daily work while seated - it allows a maximum of movements and effectively prevents stiffening in this way. A slackening of the shoulders as well as their lifting and lowering as well as circles - sometimes individually, sometimes together - can already work great wonders in between. This is guaranteed to bring a new energy boost. With a few more breathing exercises, you almost feel like newborn.
But beware: the ergonomic chair does not replace the minimum daily amount of exercise. Even those who believe that they have found the perfect ergonomic chair for the office and also think that from this chair they can handle (almost) all matters, should - and must - keep getting up and moving in between. This not only gets your circulation going but also your thoughts.
Artikelbild: © Marcin Balcerzak / Shutterstock