Lantana camara - Care, Hibernation, Cutting
Lantana has a very special feature that makes the heart of garden friends beat faster: their flowers change color! Therefore, it is no wonder that the easy-care ornamental plants are available in many different breeding forms. In today's guide you will learn everything you need to know about the care of the Wandelröschens.
Origin and peculiarities of Wandelröschens
The Lantana is native to the region, which extends from Central America to the south of North America. From its homeland, the lantana found its way to Germany, where it is very popular as a container plant.
All plant parts of the Wandelröschens are poisonous. It contains triterpenes, icterogenin as well as lanthanum A and B. The enjoyment of the plant can be fatal and the skin contact with the leaves leads to skin irritation!
The most poisonous are the fruits, which are in any case no eye candy. They should therefore always be removed immediately. In contrast, the flowers of the Wandelröschens are a special feature: As the name of the plant already suggests, they change their color. They first turn pale yellow to orange, later the flower turns red or purple, only to take on a violet color after some time. However, this change in color does not go through every flower at the same rate, so that the lantana flowers in several bright colors at times.
Types and varieties of the Wandelröschens
The color-changing variety of Wandelröschens, which is the most popular in this country, is called Lantana camara. There are more than 20 different varieties of this Lantana. You can usually only find one single variety in the trade, so it pays off to visit a specialized nursery, if you want to choose from the complete biodiversity.
Furthermore, the Lantana montevidensis is also horticultural cultivated. This variety is much less common. The perennial plant is native to Uruguay and shows yellow, purple or white flowers. However, this plant does not change color, but merely changes the tint or saturation over time.
Location and Plant Substrate
In order for your Lantana to really feel at home and to reward you with its variety of flowers, consider the following aspects Consider site selection:
- A sunny location is perfect
- Alternatively, a half-shady, very bright place is sufficient, because too little light makes the flower sparser
- The location of the Wandelröschens should be well protected against rain
But it is also important the right plant substrate. The soil must be as nutrient-rich and enriched as possible with compost. The pH value plays an important role, because while the plant gets along well with an acidic or neutral soil, it should not be calcareous. Make sure that the ground is loose to avoid waterlogging. A clay pot with a drain hole is the best choice. We also recommend that you incorporate gravel drainage at the bottom of the planter. So the water can flow well.
The lantana and its care requirements
lavender are also suitable for beginners, because they are relatively easy to maintain. There are very few things you can do wrong with watering, fertilizing, cutting, and repotting.
The supply of water should be as even as possible and not too high in lantana. It is best to use rainwater or stale tap water.
If the lime content in your tap water is very high, you should instead pour still water from the bottle
Try to keep the soil evenly moist in the pot and do not water until the top layer of soil has dried. With waterlogging you damage the plant significantly, which is why it should be avoided. Therefore, check some time after pouring if water has leaked out of the drain hole and if necessary, pour it away.
The numerous flowers of the Wandelröschens need correspondingly many nutrients. Regular fertilization is therefore indispensable. The first time you should fertilize the plant, if the leaf formation is done after pruning. At the beginning of the growth phase it is sufficient to fertilize the lantana once a month. However, when the first buds start to appear, you should fertilize every two weeks. Simply use a commercially available liquid fertilizer or organic natural fertilizer. Regular fertilization takes place until late summer. Only in September you can slowly increase the distances between two fertilizer feeds.
The lantana grows shrubby and has slightly drooping branches. These branches usually have spines and carry dangerous toxins. Therefore, you should always wear gloves when cutting these plants.
Always dispose of the cut plant parts out of the reach of children and pets to avoid skin irritation and dangerous poisoning.
The optimal time for the care cut is then when the Lantana is about to budge. In this context, they should cut back the shoots strongly, because the plant can only produce many flowers on young shoots, while the older shoots usually have only a few flowers. Depending on the size of the crop, they can only halve the shoots or even cut them back to the width of the hand. As soon as the flowering phase begins, you should cut out all withered flowers as soon as possible. So you extend the flowering period of the Wandelröschens into the late autumn.
Repotting is also one of the care measures that come sooner or later with each lantana. The plant must be converted into a larger pot if it is too narrow in the previous pot. Consider the following tips:
- Lift the old pot and examine the drain hole
- If the roots are already growing through this hole, it will be time to repot
- Choose a planter that has a Number is greater than the old
- The pot should not be too large, otherwise the formation of root mass is stimulated more than the formation of leaf mass
- Be careful when repotting, because the root ends of the Wandelröschens are very delicate and
After repotting, you will be rewarded with an even more splendid flower.
Winterberry hibernate - That's how it goes
The overwintering of Lantans is unfortunately not that easy. In autumn, the plant must be protected from the cold immediately, as it does not cope well with cold temperatures. A suitable winter quarters is for example a cold house. It is a bright greenhouse that offers cool temperatures to calm the plants. It is important that the lantana in winter quarters is never exposed to frost, otherwise it would go down. If you do not have a greenhouse, you can choose another bright room for hibernation, such as a basement with a window or a conservatory.
Temperatures should be between 5 and 10 degrees Celsius at best. Only then does the plant manage to shut down its metabolism. As soon as the resting phase begins, the Lantana needs no more fertilizer. Also, the moisture intake should be drastically reduced. So only water until spring that the soil in the pot in the root area does not dry out completely. When the first signs of spring announce themselves in mid-February, you may put the Lantana back in a warmer place. This activates the metabolism again and stimulates the plant bud.
How propagation works
In contrast to overwintering, the increase in the extinction rate is extremely easy, because the plants reproduce quickly and easily. For one thing, you have the option of using cuttings. Just use the sections of pruning in the spring, put them in a pot with potting soil and wait for roots to form. On the other hand it is possible to grow the lantana out of seeds. However, you should remember that you will not necessarily get the same plant again just because you are germinating the seed of your own hybrid. Your new plant may bloom in a different color.
Diseases and pests
Especially in winter, lanterns are unfortunately susceptible to pests and diseases. Typical is an infestation with the white fly. In this case, a quick action is essential to avoid serious damage. The best way to fight the white fly with parasitic wasps, which you can buy online or in the garden shop.
In addition, aphids are not exactly rare. You can prevent infestation from the outset by enriching the planter with an immune preparation. Suitable are, for example, special rods, which are coated with a protective agent against aphids. They are simply plugged into the plant substrate and reliably repel the annoying lice.
FAQ - Frequently Asked Questions
What are Lantans?
Behind this name hides a plant of the family of the vervain family. Its Latin name is & quot; Lantana camara & ldquo ;. Lantana is a popular container plant for ornamental purposes.
What does lantana look like?
The plant grows as a shrub, depending on the variety between 40 and 300 centimeters high and has long, drooping branches with spines and oval deciduous leaves. The highlight of the plant, however, are the flowers that change their color. They bloom first in bright yellow, then in orange and later the color changes from red to violet.
When do lavender bloom?
Flowering begins in June and lasts until at least September. However, if properly cared for, the lantana may bloom longer in the fall.
Why does the flower turn out small?
If the flowers of the limerose turn red, this may be due to lack of sun or too few nutrients. Or was the cut too cautious? The first aid is a radical pruning in the spring.
Where do lavender trees come from?
The native home of the shrub plant is Central America and the South of North America. In tropical and subtropical climes, it propagates invasively - penetrating into the vegetation.
Where are lantana used?
In Germany, lantana is often popular as an ornamental plant. It is usually planted in pots on the balcony, terrace and in the garden.
What benefits do lemons have?
In addition to the joy of ornament, the lemons also have a biological benefit. The sea of flowers is very popular with bees. But butterflies are also attracted to the small shrub plant.
What location do lanterns need?
The & quot; Lantana camara & ldquo; needs a lot of sun and should be placed in a bright place. Under certain circumstances, the gardener can plant them in a partially shaded place, but then expect a sparse flowering. The site should also be protected from rain.
Which earth needs the Lantana?
The soil for the Lantana must be very nutritious. The plant also needs an acidic or neutral soil. The earth must by no means contain lime. Likewise, it should be loose to allow the passage of moisture.
How are lanterns cultivated?
The care is not very expensive. The gardener should water the Lantana regularly, preferably with rainwater or stale tap water. The lantana needs fertilizer as well: once a month in the growth phase, but every two weeks during the flowering period.
Which cut do lemons need?
The ornamental plant needs a care cut before it dries in the spring. This should be strong, because new flowers occur more often on young shoots. During the flowering season, withered plant parts must be cut away. Caution: wear gloves!
How do lanterns overwinter?
Lantana camara is only partially winter hardy and must be protected from frost and cold. In certain circumstances, the lantana may hibernate in the heated living room, but a cold house is also suitable as a winter home. It is important that the plant is slowly prepared for the next growing season in the spring.
How are lantacums multiplied?
There are two ways to multiply this shrub plant: firstly by means of seedlings, secondly by means of cuttings. Both variants are considered to be easy to implement.
How toxic are Lantana trees?
The plant is highly toxic in all parts of plants. The consumption can lead to death and also the skin contact can cause irritations. The most toxic component is the seed of the plant.
Order: Labiatae (Lamiales)
This easy-care lantana is a perfect plant for flower lovers who have not yet gained so much experience in gardening. A location with plenty of sun, which is well protected from rain, contributes much to the fact that the flowering plant grows well and thrives. As winter quarters, a bright place offers, which guarantees temperatures of about 10 degrees Celsius. The water should be reduced during the cold season. When cutting the Wandelröschens you should definitely wear gloves, because the poisonous plant has many spikes and thorns.
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