North, South, East, West - 5 Tips for Aligning Your Home
The Alignment of the house is a factor that is too often underestimated in house planning. However, if you want to make optimal use of the sun, you should think about it at the beginning of planning. The orientation, and thus the sunshine, has a great influence on the well-being . But much more important is that heating costs can be kept much lower with good orientation.
South-facing rooms receive the most sunshine in winter and during the transitional period. In summer, however, it is the rooms on the west side that get the most sunlight. The rooms in the east get the most light in the morning, while the northern rooms always remain quite dark.
Ideally, you turn your house to the sun and show the cold side of the north side. However, it must be clarified in advance whether the development plan makes this possible or not. In any case, you should seek advice from your architect and explore a variety of options before committing yourself. Meaningful planning can save you a lot of money in the long run.
It's also good to have a look at the building plot once during the day and to examine how the light behaves. Finally, neighboring buildings or trees can also influence the incidence of light.
In the following, we will explain which direction is best for which rooms and what type of glazing:
Large windows to the south
Generous glazing on the south side guarantees a lot of sun in the rooms and thus in the winter a better warming of the rooms. Well-being also increases significantly in sunny areas in winter. However, keep in mind that in summer the sun can be so strong that rooms to the south heat up too much. Therefore, a permanently installed, external sun protection is recommended for the warm months. Outboard because it is more efficient than internal sunscreen. In the case of sun protection, the room can still heat up.
In the west a little more restrained
Since quite a lot of sun (especially the evening sun) arrives in the west in all seasons too, it is not bad, even more generous to the west glaze. However, the problem of overheating in the summer is also present here or sometimes even greater, since in summer the sun shines particularly strongly on the building in the west. It is therefore ideal not to plan too much glass space in the west, but to put the living quarters above all to the south. South and west side should be the favorite sites for the living spaces, with a focus on the south.
Cold shouldering the north
No direct sunlight hits the windows here in winter the solar gains can not compensate for the resulting heat losses absolutely. As walls usually insulate much better than a window, a closed construction is recommended here. After North , it is also best to set up rooms where you do not need much natural light. The entrance is well located here, a staircase is ideal for the north. Bedrooms are also conceivable in the north, but in case of doubt they are better off on the east side, since the morning sun is pleasant to get out of bed better.
If you plan a garage, you can accommodate it very well on the north side. Of course it is ideal if the road side is at the same time the north side.
The sun rises in the east
In the east the sun rises, and who does not like to get up with some sunlight on his face? This may not be the ideal solution for late risers and morning mooches, but most people prefer the sun to the bedroom in the morning. Kitchen spaces are also well located in the east.
Roof ridge orientation
If circumstances permit, you should line up the roof ridge in east-west direction. This orientation makes the south orientation of the glazing much easier, as it is also easy to glaze on the upper floor, without having to plan a dormer. In addition, this enables the optimal positioning of a solar system on the south side of the roof. If you want to use a photovoltaic system in the future, this orientation is essential. In a south-east orientation of the ridge, a solar system is usually not useful.
However, it is always possible to install solar panels on the southern facade of the house. Meanwhile, there are also facade elements in which the photovoltaic is included.
If you plan a flat roof, nothing is to be observed from the roof side. However, even with flat roofs, a solar system is not always feasible.
It is best to examine in detail what options are available according to the development plan. If you are not able to orientate your home ideally, then this is not the end of the world and should not slow you down in your company. Often, however, the ministries allow themselves to be talked about, because saving energy is a good argument for granting an exemption.
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