Photovoltaic: What funding opportunities are there?
Sunlight becomes electricity - a principle that everyone comes away with from a calculator Solar cells knows. Photovoltaic is called this technique and in many ways is a promising investment for your own house roof and outdoor areas. Produced electricity is taken up by the local electricity supplier and resold. However, the purchase and installation of the technology is of course associated with costs. Anyone who has ever toyed with the idea of supplying themselves with the green energy or feeding them into the power grid can access multiple financial support programs. The following sections clarify the current options:
The Renewable Energy Act , initiated by the Red-Green Federal Government under Gerhard Schröder, provided the impetus for a successful development of the photovoltaic industry. It provides that operators of such equipment will receive a guaranteed acceptance and payment from the network operator over a period of 20 years. You become a self-sufficient electricity supplier, and with your guaranteed income you have a solid planning security for the future.
In April of 2000, the compensation amounts amounted to 99.0 pfennig / kWh . Expenses for purchase and installation were not only effectively dampened, but operators of a plant even generated profits in the long run. In the meantime, compensation has been cut several times due to the increasing spread of facilities - but this only applies to newly built facilities and has no retroactive effect. The regular revenue from electricity production for the coming decades thus depends on the time of installation and commissioning of the plant. Despite this reduction, the EEG surcharge is still a solid support for all future operators. Price reductions for solar cells and rising electricity costs continue to make the technology lucrative - whether for feed-in or self-consumption.
The exact EEG remuneration rates can be obtained at any time from the Federal Network Agency's website. Typically, these are announced 3 months in advance.
Support at Land Level
The federal states have introduced additional measures to promote solar installations. Companies and individuals benefit from a range of different measures. For example, Baden-Württemberg promotes the installation of heating systems, as long as they are linked to renewable energies. Assistance in the energetic refurbishment of commercial housing will be approved from a basic volume of € 200,000. "Sustainable power generation by municipalities and public utilities" is what Bavaria calls its contribution to the promotion of photovoltaics. It provides assistance in the form of planning and feasibility studies. With the program & nbsp; Old Loads - New Energies & nbsp; & nbsp; & nbsp; & nbsp; & nbsp; & nbsp; & gt; & nbsp; & nbsp; and & nbsp; & nbsp; and & nbsp; Other federal states such as the Saarland with & ldquo; Klima Plus Saar & ldquo; have other funding programs.
For detailed information, should visit the official website of the Ministry of the Environment of the competent federal state. In some cases, electricity providers, municipalities and municipalities are offering cash grants as direct financial aid. In this case, a call to the local municipality clarifies the appropriate measures.
Save Taxes and Benefit Benefits
You become an entrepreneur by feeding into the public grid. For this reason, there are tax issues to consider. If the feed takes place on a regular and commercial basis, VAT and sales tax . If the generated amount is 17,500 € per year , the monthly tax liability can be exempted under the Small Business Regulation . If the income exceeds the acquisition and operating costs for the first time, income taxes are due. Monthly billing documents should be kept for their calculation.
If the generated energy is only consumed for its own use anyway, then in the legal sense one is not an entrepreneur. Tax obligations, but also related benefits are eliminated under these circumstances. From the status as an entrepreneur, the following advantages arise: Purchase, investment in construction and expansion, as well as maintenance and repair costs can be claimed for tax purposes. This includes insurance premiums and other incidental operating costs.
Funding by KfW
The public Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (Reconstruction Loan Corporation) is a further support for private or entrepreneurial investors. Their stated goal is to provide of low-interest funds for the production of renewable energies and to operate the required facilities. With the offer "Renewable Energy Standard Photovoltaic" , the Bank grants a loan with 1.21% APR and a maximum cap of <€ 25 million per order , Terms may be agreed between 5, 10 or 20 years depending on requirements. The agreed loan is available in part or as an immediate payment. A cost estimate from the selected photovoltaic manufacturer regarding the purchase cost and the subsequent installation work is required. Advice with the local finance professional is advised.
The following terms must be considered when making the loan:
- The loan will be used to purchase, build and expand a photovoltaic system.
- Part of the electricity generated is mandatory in to feed the grid.
- The credit standing of the creditor must be sufficient. Evaluations in this regard are usually made automatically by the bank in question.
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