Reviving the Old Building - Tips for Renovating Old Buildings
An old farmhouse or half-timbered house - such old houses not only a unique climate, they also have their own soul. They are a feast for the eyes, for lovers of solid, ancient architecture often a "must have". The purchase of an old property, however, presents many challenges to the future host. Such structures are often under historic preservation , are in need of modernization and are connected to other construction conditions.
What is it all about?
First of all, go through all components before purchasing and roughly assess their condition. From the basement to the roof - you have the individual data of any interim renovations and of course the year of construction, compare this data with the average life of the main components. The Care during the previous operating time also plays a decisive role. Based on the brief overview of the relevant components, you can roughly estimate the costs incurred when buying an old house:
- Cellar sealing : bitumen coating 25-40 years; Gravel filling and drainage 40-60 years;
- windows and doors : Kunstofffenster 15-25 years; Wooden windows 10-50 years; Interior doors (solid wood) up to 80 years; Exterior doors (hardwood) 10-50 years;
- Facade : exterior wall plaster 30-40 years; Exterior painting 10-15 years; Latch panels up to 100 years; Window sills, depending on the material, 10 to 50 years; Canopies and railings, depending on the material, from 10 to 45 years;
- electrical installations : pipes 30-50 years; Switches and cans 20-40 years; Instantaneous water heater 10-20 years; Electric heaters 10-20 years;
- Sanitary facilities : Water pipes (plastic) 25-30 years; Water pipes (steel) 25-30 years; Water pipes (lead) 25-30 years; Water pipes (copper) 30-40 years;
- heating : heating burner 10-20 years; Boiler (steel) 20-30 years; Boiler (casting) 30-40 years; Radiator (steel) 25-40 years; Radiator (casting) 30-50 years; Heating pipes (steel) 25-30 years; Heating pipes (copper) 30-40 years;
Old buildings are often regarded as special architectural pearls and are classified as historical monuments. Preserving the historical substance has priority here. On the one hand, for the owners of such houses, it means certain rules and legal requirements must be met and complied with. On the other hand, the builders of listed buildings can enjoy many tax benefits from the state. The number of houses in Germany that are under monument protection is impressive - it is about 1,000,000.
Those who have acquired such a house may enjoy the unique environment of the old cultural heritage and its special frame. One must remember, however, that tradition requires - each listed building must be maintained by the owner in particular , the house must be preserved in its original form. That is the public interest. In plain language, it means for the owners: every small change in construction must first be clarified with the conservation authority and then approved, before the implementation is understood.
Old building renovation brings significant tax benefits
Although it is true that the maintenance of old - And listed property is more expensive than in modern or ordinary homes, but it also brings benefits for the residents. The expenses for each renovation work can be taxed, as long as you own the old house, which is a listed building. You can have the cost of remediation written off from 9% to 9% from the first to the eighth year and 7% from the ninth to the twelfth year. Each so-called & quot; energetic refurbishment & ldquo; is funded by the state. If you bought an old house or it is from before 1995, you can count on grants and development loans from KfW (Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau). You can count on this, if your house fulfills the conditions of a KfW Efficiency House after the renovation. The KfW also funds the installation of solar or central heating systems in the old walls.
For those homeowners who are committed to renewable energy, Bafa's Market Incentive Program (the Federal Office of Economics and Export Control) is designed to provide grants when installing solar collectors or efficient heat pumps. As inhabitants and self-users, they are allowed to deduct the labor costs for craftsmen at a rate of 20% per year, up to a maximum of 1200 euros per household. In the case of renovation with KfW funds, the costs of craftsmen may not be taxed.
The topic of monument protection is a matter of the state, and is treated differently by each federal state. If you intend to purchase a listed building, you should first contact the s.g. Contact the Lower Monument Protection Authority of your city or town. There you will learn for the time being everything about the monument status and also about the construction work on the object. If the construction requirements are neglected by the owner, you can expect a fine or even an expropriation.
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