Using Pond Plants: The Right Approach

Using Pond Plants: The Right Approach

Many hobby gardeners are building a pond in a beautiful spot in their garden. Not only does it give them a lot of pleasure to plant the pond, they also like to enjoy the water and plant it with aquatic plants to create their own little oasis of wellbeing in the garden. However, to keep the garden pond clean and free of algae, it requires a lot of care. First and foremost, pond plants help to keep the water free from algae. They filter important nutrients out of the water and use them for their own growth. Accordingly, the algae lack the food base. For this reason, you should use numerous plants in your pond to ensure a natural clarification and avoid algae. Suitable pond plants can be found in almost every nursery. Ornamental aquatic plants such as the white-rimmed calamus (Acorus calamus & Variegatus & ldquo;) are there as well as those plants that are particularly suitable for water treatment. These include, for example, Frozen spoons (Alisma), rushes (Juncus), marsh forget-me-not (Myosotis), hedgehog flasks (Sparganium), swansweed (Butomus) and water-swirl lily (Iris). However, there are a few things to keep in mind when buying and using pond plants. The tips from this Home Hero Guide will definitely help you in planting the aquatic plants.

Into deep or shallow water?

In order for the pond plants to thrive well, it is important to use them in the correct depth. Before you buy the plants, it is best to first check how deep the various zones in your garden pond are. Measure from the upper edge of the pond to the surface of the water. Most of the deepest point in the pond is 80 to 100 centimeters. If you subtract from this the height of a large plant basket, the result is a depth of 60 to 80 centimeters. This is an optimal depth for most water lilies. Kalmus, Blumenbinse and Scheincalla are so weak that you can use them directly in the Teicherde. Only for plants, which spread strongly, you should definitely use a stable mesh basket. Otherwise, they would spread extremely in the pond in a few years. For example:

  • Reed
  • Broadleaf Cattail
  • Reedleaf Grass

Of course, you can always use the Lattice Baskets for all types of pond plants, if you prefer.

This is how you go about planting before

The pot in which you buy the plants is not suitable for permanent pond planting. Before you use the water plants in the garden pond, you should therefore transplant them into a plastic basket. The baskets should be slightly larger than the root ball. Teicherde is filled up around the bale. It is significantly lower in nutrients than normal potting soil. The latter would only bring unnecessary nutrients into the pond and thus stimulate the growth of algae. Alternatively, you can use lime-free gravel or broken clay granules as a substrate for aquatic plants.

Coarse gravel is ideal for koi ponds. Otherwise, the fish could dig their roots out of the baskets.

To avoid drainage of gravel, expanded clay and soil, cover the substrate with large pebbles.

What planting depth do water lilies need?

Water lilies are among the most popular pond plants. They are offered in different sizes. However, water lilies can only flower if their preferred planting depth is really respected. Planting depth is the distance between the water surface and the shoot of the water lily. If the water depth is one meter and you plant the water lily in a 30 centimeter high vessel, the planting depth is only 70 centimeters. Only when planted directly in the pond ground, the planting depth is one meter.

In any case, make sure that you do not plant large varieties intended for deep water too shallow. Otherwise, they form a lot of foliage, but hardly flowers. On the other hand, flat varieties should not be set too low, because then they would hardly reach the surface of the water.

Dwarf water lilies, for example, need only about 10 to 20 centimeters of water above the shoot. Therefore, take a close look at the desired planting depth when buying.

A gentle transition from bank to pond plants is particularly harmonious

The pond planting looks very nice if the water surface is harmoniously integrated into its environment. This is achieved by making sure to create a smooth transition between the flowerbeds in the pond's surroundings and the pond plants. At the edge of the pond, create beds that connect directly to the marsh zone without coming into contact with the pond water. All the usual bedding plants are suitable for this. Make sure that the perennials that you want to plant in the transition zone visually form a harmonious unit with the water and marsh plants. This applies, for example, to meadow rue and daylily. For the shady pond edge are suitable silver candle and funkie. But do not forget to plant a part of the edge of the pond, so that you can set up a bench there and sit peacefully at your garden pond.

Which deep-water plants are there?

For a water depth of 30 centimeters and more, only come few pond plants in question. Here, the water lily is clearly ahead of the game. She convinces with her beautiful, heart-shaped floating leaves and the magnificent flowers. The preferred water depth is between 50 and 80 centimeters, depending on the variety. Only smaller varieties such as & quot; Walter Pagels & ldquo; or & quot; Froebelii & quot; are also satisfied with 30 to 40 centimeters of water. In addition, there are even strong varieties, which are also suitable for depths of more than one meter. These include the & quot; Gladstoniana & quot ;.

Which plants are most likely to be used for shallow water?

Countless plants are suitable for the shallow water in the garden pond with a depth of 10 to 30 centimeters. These include, for example:

  • Swamp Ivy
  • Lily
  • Lesser Pike

These three plants bloom very conspicuously and their flower stalks sometimes protrude up to a meter from the water surface. The heart-leaved pikeweed in particular has showy flowers, which are tirelessly seen in clear blue throughout the summer. It should best be planted in a planting depth of 30 centimeters, because then it is well protected from frost.

Which marsh plants are suitable for the pond edge?

Many beautiful flowering plants feel at the marshy pond edge well.

However The plants planted there must also be able to cope with changing conditions: in some cases the soil is swampy, but it can also dry out in longer dry periods and even small floods are possible.

A plant that endures this and is very popular for the pond edge the Scheincalla. It shows first exceptional flowers in the spring and later forms leaves that can grow up to one meter. However, the plant needs a soil layer with a thickness of at least 40 centimeters. In addition, the marsh yolk flower and the meadow sword line are ideal for the swamp area at the edge of the pond.


Lush pond planting is desirable not only for visual reasons, but also because the plants prevent a strong formation of algae in the water , When planting plants, it is important to pay attention to the desired water depths of the individual plant species, because only then will they thrive and flower well. In the case of proliferating or not hardy pond plants, it is advisable not to plant the plants directly into the bottom of the pond, but to use plastic mesh baskets for cultivation.

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