Wooden house - what possibilities are there?
No building material is as old as wood. Wood was used long ago to create the first dwellings for humans. There is a long tradition in many corners of the world of building wooden buildings. In addition, it is one of the few renewable raw materials.
Especially in Scandinavia and North America, wooden houses still enjoy great popularity today. But even here, people have increasingly discovered the positive qualities of this building material for themselves. The number of house houses is rising steadily. More than 30% of all building owners now opt for a wooden house, and the trend is increasing.
Wood is a pleasant material and provides comfort. In addition, it looks just too chic. With a wooden house set clear accents and stand out from the standard design right and left up to you.
Many builders are concerned that wood is less stable or there is a much higher risk of fire. However, this does not have to be the case with the right design. This article provides an overview of the three most common wood construction and can decide on the basis of this knowledge for one of these variants.
The log cabin
The blockhouse is one of classic construction methods. The basic structure consists of so-called round timbers, which are connected with each other during the construction. The side walls of the log cabin are built in a double position and the gap is filled with insulating materials. For the construction of the log cabin woods with extremely high load capacity and quality are used.
disadvantage of this design is that you are not entirely free in spatial planning, rooms can only have a certain size and the layout mechanism after a few guidelines addressed , Log cabins are quite expensive, because quite a lot of solid wood is used here. However, it is also an extremely stable and, above all, & quot; warm & ldquo; Construction. The well-being in a log cabin is very large. The appearance of a log cabin is also very special and reminds many people of their last holiday in Sweden or Canada.
The structure of the walls in the timber-frame consists of vertical and horizontal beams. These beams take over the structure function, since there are no load-bearing walls. The loads are discharged via the beams into the ground. The advantage here is that the walls can be positioned very freely. Thus, there are no limits to the design of your rooms. The construction is then filled with insulating material and clad with plaster or even plates. Half-timbered construction is not so widespread in our climes and usually only in traditional houses.
The best way to derive the functioning of timber frame construction from the actual term. Each space between the bars represents a & quot; compartment & quot; These compartments were often filled in earlier times with a wooden mesh and loam. In many cases, the subjects have been filled with other building materials. Half a century ago, half-timbered construction was the most widely used construction method in Europe.
Timber frame construction
The majority of all wooden houses are built in timber frame construction . This construction has proved to be one of the best construction methods. The wooden frame construction is the cheapest way to build a wooden house. In addition, the wooden frame construction is a very flexible construction. It can be easily adapted to existing conditions and usage concepts. Not least for this reason many prefabricated houses are created in this way today, because components can be easily prefabricated. In the US, 90% of residential buildings are constructed using this method.
In the timber frame construction method, a load-bearing framework of beams is erected. This will later be "planked" with panels. These panels (usually wood or gypsum fiber boards) have a stiffening effect and provide stability. In contrast to timber frame construction, these panels are therefore an integral part of the construction. The spaces between the plates / beams are filled with insulation. In this way, an ideal thermal insulation is achieved with relatively thin wall thicknesses. With this design you can easily reach Passive House standard. If you want to build ecologically and economically, you will most likely opt for timber frame construction.
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